Gingivitis and receding gums are gum diseases caused by an infection bacterial tissue around the teeth and gums. Sugar and starch found in foods react with bacteria within the mouth to form a film soft, sticky, colorless known as plaque bacteria.
There are two types of gingivitis:
- a) Acute Gingivitis is the inflammation reversible.
- b) Chronic gingivitis is a disease that causes inflammation, pain and swelling of the gums or may evolve into periodontitis (pyorrhea or).
Hypertrophic Gingivitis is a chronic disorder characterized by a thickening of the gingiva and bleeding. The marginal gingivitis affects only the margin. Hormonal gingivitis transient in nature occurs in women during pregnancy or menstrual cycle.
Causes of Gingivitis
The bacteria present in the mouth form a clear sticky substance on the teeth. This substance is called plaque and produces toxins that break the gingival tissues. If the plaque is not removed, cause tartar, plaque hardens ie. Tartar triggers the gum disease that causes inflammation, bleeding and swelling of the gums. If it is not cured causes loss of teeth, which is an advanced stage of periodontitis. In this condition the gums separate from the teeth and form cavities that become infected. The infection spreads to the bone, causing loss of the tooth.
This disease occurs because of:
- Poor dental hygiene
- Smoking and chewing tobacco
- Rubbish diet
- High levels of stress
- Family history of dental problems
- Leukemia, gingivitis can be a symptom of cancer
- A few visits to the dentist.
In children can occur child gingivitis especially if children suffering from type I diabetes or by poor oral hygiene. Hormonal changes may also be responsible for gingivitis during pregnancy. Other factors that may contribute to gingivitis are malnutrition and side effects of medications. The first signs of the disease are not painful, but over time the gums can do much harm. Bacterial gingivitis is not contagious with a kiss and is not a sexually transmitted disease.
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Symptoms of gingivitis
Bacteria growing in tartar irritate the gums at the base of the teeth causing a series of annoying symptoms. Gingivitis is also known as bleeding gums. Therefore, it is one of the most visible signs the gums begin to bleed easily. It is particularly frequent during brushing or flossing.
Red and swollen gums are another obvious sign of gingivitis. If the gums are severely inflamed, they become tender and swollen. Occasionally, the gums may become extremely sensitive and painful.
When the gums are healthy, they have to pale pink, and the fabric is compact. If it’s infected, the color changes to bright red or red-violet.
People who suffer from gingivitis facing one another problem called gingival recession. Sometimes they may develop ulcers on the surface of the gums.
All the above symptoms may be accompanied by halitosis (bad breath) or a bad taste in the mouth due to the growth of bacteria in the oral cavity. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is a very serious variant of this disease and also causes fever, swelling of the swollen neck lymph nodes and severe pain.
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